Good morning, today I will be discussing with you about the ethical dilemmas in which journalist face. I will be highlighting 3 of them, in which I feel that is the most important. First of all, I will be discussing about plagiarism. Plagiarism is similar to stealing. Stealing is where one steals an object from another and claims that it is his/hers. As for plagiarism, it is the claiming of someone else's work as his/her own. For example, stealing information from the internet and publishing it into one's book/magazine/website is plagiarism, as the person had stolen someone else' work and claimed that it is his/hers. However, sometimes, plagiarism can be avoided, even if we use someone else' information, as long as we credit the people's work which we took. This is then legal and not plagiarism as although we are using someone else' information, we have claimed that it is not ours. Overall, plagiarism occurs only when one did not credit the work which they took from someone else and claimed that it is his/her own. However, many still make this mistake and risk getting sued by the person whom they stole the information from. One example is, a student from a school had to get his science report done. However, he had to research on the internet for information to allow him to get his facts right. After rephrasing the information which he found on the internet, he then copied it into his report and submitted as his own work. The report was near perfect. However, there was a problem. He had forgotten to source and credit where he got his information from. This then resulted in his marks dropping to a fail after the teacher had found out that he copied information, without crediting it. The consequences of failing is only the minimum as this was only a school science report. Imagine what would happen if he had copied the information front he web and published it as his own book, in the future. The consequences then would be dire.
The second ethical dilemma which I would be highlighting is the invasion of privacy. Invasion of privacy occurs when one does not wished to be named/taken/recorded to be in a report or newscasting, but despite so, the reporter precedes on to secretly record him/her, without the person's permission. For example, a journalist went to the bombing site which the incident had just occurred a few minuted ago. As the bombing site was a school, thus petrified children are rushing towards their parents. Without permission as the principal had denied him for interviewing/taking pictures of the children, this journalist uses his camera and zooms onto the children's petrified faces, just as to make sure that he had gotten what he calls valuable footage.
Last but not least, it would be being bias. Being bias occurs when someone who reports the news favors one side of the story or is against one side. This then causes the reporter to report the news in a different way, Instead of telling the true die of the story, the reporter tells a one sides story, based on his/her preference. This then sends a wrong impression of the story to the public, preventing them from getting the true story. For example, a rich man's son got into a fight with a gangster. No one knew who actually started the fight and in what way. A biased reporter then reports that the gangster had started the fight, as he had felt that no son of a rich man would portray such behavior and he would also report than the rich man's son was merely self defending himself. This would then leave the wrong impression on the public, especially those gullible ones, who would believe what the reporter wrote.