Monday, 30 September 2013

EOY Prep!

Guys, As you study tonight, review Formal Letters and Factual Reports for Paper 1!

Wednesday, 28 August 2013

Classwork for 28 August

Hi guys, I am on MC today. Please work in your groups for next week's performance task. Make sure that your article is well developed by this point and does not exceed 600 words (minimum 450). Remember it must be centered around a controversy and have well-established viewpoints from different points of view in your topic area. Also, as you develop your newscast, keep in mind the scoring rubric that will be used and make sure your work is developed around those specific criteria. Your newscast should be done like the last one, but this time only focuses on the one main story your group has chosen. Thanks and have a good Wednesday. Mr. Arrowood PS- If your group has finished (which I don't think is the case for most of you), then do Task 2 from the handouts I gave you yesterday.

Sunday, 11 August 2013

Classwork for 12 August...

Hi guys, I am on MC today. Please write an EXPOSITORY essay (350-500 words) during class today and turn it in to the teacher at the end of class for me to look at tomorrow. Here is the prompt: Rainy days bring out our emotions and can bring on many feelings and memories. Think about what you do on rainy days. Do you enjoy rainy days or dislike them? Write a paper explaining several reasons why you like or dislike rainy days. (Remember to use specific details to support and explain your reasons. Use interesting adjectives and descriptions to make your paper interesting to read.) Thanks...see you tomorrow! Best, Mr Arrowood

Thursday, 25 July 2013

News Broadcast Project

In groups of 4 or 5, create a TV news broadcast. 

-Three anchors:
    -- Two for hard news
    -- One for soft news (choose one)

-One person in charge of video/graphics 


-Research a recent news story (local or international) and write a script of how you would present that story for a TV news broadcast. Your script should follow the guidelines we have discussed in the Features of a News Broadcast. In addition to the story itself, your script should include anything else you plan on saying (lead-in, sign-off, transitions) during the broadcast. You may use clips from YouTube of newscasts as inspiration.

Graphics person: 

-Create a Keynote with slides that you will show to supplement the anchors' stories. This means you will have to work with the anchors to decide what pictures, video clips (footage), and graphics you will use while they are reporting the stories. There should be at least one picture/background per story being reported.

The news broadcast must be at least 5 minutes in length and a maximum of 10 minutes

One person from each group must arrange for their group to be filmed while presenting. The news broad cast can also be pre-recorded if you have the time to complete this before class.

How long do we have?!

-You will have the rest of today's class period as well as all of tomorrow's class period to put together this presentation and rehearse it with your group. The presentations will occur the next lesson.

Monday, 22 July 2013

Asiana Airlines

Presentation for Asiana Airlines Crash - Goh Qian Zhe, Sarah Chan and Liew Jia Wen


Asiana California

By Chiam Chuen, Gabriel and Wai Kit

On the 11 July 2013 at approximately 12.34p.m,, a Boeing 777-200ER belonging to Asiana Airlines from Seoul crash landed in San Francisco International Airport after hitting a seawall. Out of the total 290 passengers, there were 2 casualties and 11 in critical condition, while the rest suffered minor injuries. A third has since died in an intensive care. One of the dead was ran over by a fire truck as she was covered in foam used to fight the burning wreckage.

At about 7 seconds prior to the accident, the pilot Lee Ho Sheng told air traffic controllers that he was going to increase speed. 3 seconds later, emergency warnings alerted the crew that the plane was too low for landing. The pilot increased the throttle in attempt to abort landing but caused the plane’s tail to slam into the seawall. The runway was then closed off for about 5 hours. Pilot Lee was allegedly inexperience with this plane. It was reported that he only had 43 hours with the 777, about halfway through Asiana’s requisites. The other 3 pilots identified are Mah Dek Kim, Asi Ana Chang and Peter Jong Pen.

According to eyewitness’ accounts, a pilot carried an injured passenger out and that the inflatable chutes expanded inwards rather than outwards. It nearly suffocated a flight attendant, who was safe by a pilot deflating the chute.. Flight attendants were also praised for their selflessness by guaranteeing that all passengers had evacuated.

Sarah Chan, Qian Zhe & Jiawen

Asiana Airlines Crash

Taxi Driver- achutha, yunhui, chun leong

Taxi Driver returning money to owners: hard news
It tells the reader information of the 5Ws. Who, When, What, Where, Why.

Who- taxi driver, Sia Ka Tian and thai couple
When- 11.30am 19 November
what- Thai couple left money in the taxi, taxi driver returns it to them.
where- Singapore (picked them up at The Sail condominium at Marina Bay, dropped them off at Golden Mile Complex.
why- The taxi driver felt that the money was not important to him and he did not need it since it did not belong to him and he did not know how to use it so he returned it to the couple.  

The taxi driver checks the back seat after the couple left, only to see the black paper bag with money in it, after dropping them off at a shopping mall. He thought, “The money is unimportant to me. It doesn't belong to me, so how can I use it?” He then brought the bag back to his transport company.His colleagues counted SG $1.1 million in thousand-dollar bills. The Thai couple reported loss to the company and the taxi driver was waiting for them for collect the bag back.

Praveen, Guofeng and Keen

Asiana Airlines (Ethan, Chihan, Angeline)

On July 6, Asiana Flight 214 from Seoul to the United States crashed landed at San Francisco International Airport, killing 3 passengers and injuring 168,  including 10 people who were in critical condition at San Francisco General Hospital, which included two children . The plane carried 307 people including 16 crew members. 

The Boeing 777 appeared to have touched down tail first and landed short of the runway. The tail was torn off and it burst into flames.

Survivor Elliott Stone stated that as the plane came in to land, it appeared the pilot "sped up, like the pilot knew he was short."

"And then the back end just hit and flies up in the air and everybody's head goes up to the ceiling."

A survivor, also tweeted a dramatic photo of people streaming out of the jet, which was missing its tail. An inflatable slide was at the front entrance and at least part of the aircraft's landing gear was separated from the fuselage.
"I just crash landed at SFO. Tail ripped off. Most everyone seems fine. I'm ok," the survivor, David Eun, wrote.

After further investigation, there is still no certainty of the cause of the incident. It could neither be blamed on mechanical fault or the pilot's. However, some suggests that it could be the autothrottle did not engage, due to a malfunction, causing the landing speed had an error.

Furthermore, they also stated that it was not the pilot’s fault. However, according to a previous witness, the pilot sped up upon last minute realisation of the plane crash. In addition, the pilot had not flown the plane for a very long time, thus many question his ability of piloting the Boeing 777, due to his lack of experience.
We are also regret to announce that new sources states that Ye Mengyuan, 16, had survived the plane crash, only to be run over by a fire truck rushing to the scene. The evidence states that upon being covered by foam, she was hidden from view. This brings the death toll up to 3.

Overall, we are regret to announce that this incident had happened and that Asiana had apologised. Further investigations will be done to find the cause of the crash.


Lim Zhongzhi, Lynnette Leong, Liaw Xiao Tao

Monday, 15 July 2013

Ethical Dilemmas

1. Conflict of interest is a very big problem in journalism. A journalist has the trust of many thousands of people. Therefore great power comes great responsibility and must not use this power with a specific point of view or a personal objective. A good journalist should not compromise public awareness due to selfish reasons.

An example would be: A journalist is reporting a story about an election and is in favour of a certain party. The journalist then writes a story that make that certain party look good.
The fairness of the election will be compromised just because of a journalist’s conflict of interest.

2.Plagiarism is another big one on my list. Plagiarism basically is the copying and pasting of other’s work without asking for permission and crediting the source or claiming other’s work as your own. I find this very very unacceptable. Taking other people’s effort for your own good and not giving them the appropriate amount of credit is an extremely selfish and unethical act.

let’s say a journalist copies something from someone else, and it turns out very good. However, the person who wrote the original was not credited and did not get what he deserved. this is just wrong

3.Another problem journalists face is any offending or distasteful content. This is a little tricky to deal with, one must make sure that there is no published content that is inappropriate and not offending while maintaining the drama of the story.

For example, a journalist quotes a part of an interview that contains some swear words. He can censor out all of them but lose all drama of the interview, and not selling it off as well as it could have or he can put in a equally dramatic but milder version of the interview and still selling it well.

3 out of 7 dilemmas podcast

Ethical Dilemma

Hi, my name is Xiao Tao and today I will be talking about 3 of the 7 dilemmas of journalists. I will first be talking about being bias. To put it simply, being bias is being with or against a person when reporting news. The journalist must not be biased or the information will be mainly on his/her opinions and the other side of the story will not be covered, leading to an unfair judgement and confusing others. An example is when person A did something bad to person B and the journalist is a friend of person A, therefore he writes good things about A but bad things about B to coax readers to thinking that person A did the right thing.

Secondly, I feel that a journalist must not plagiarise, which is to copy something from somewhere to use it without citing the source or acknowledge the person who created it but instead state that you created it yourself. It will be very unfair for the person who spent a lot of time and effort into writing the article and to find out that it has been copied without acknowledging him/her. An example is copying a whole article and posting it in a magazine or newspaper, stating that you made it. The original person who wrote the article will be able to sue the journalist for plagiarising.

Lastly, the journalist must be committed to accuracy in the article. It means that the journalist has to report very accurate data and confirm that all the information is true before publishing the article. It is crucial to preventing the readers from getting false information and there will be conflicting information everywhere, leading to confusion and nobody will know which is the true information. An example is when journalist A publishes an accurate article whereas journalist B did not check the integrity of the information before publishing it. Therefore some readers will think that A is correct while some will think that B is correct, therefore there will be conflicting information and nobody will be able to figure out which information is correct.

Ethical Dilemmas Podcast

Ethical Dilemmas

Ethical Dilemmas

Bias is taking one side of the story and writing it in your own point of view. It might offend others or distort the truth by sending a wrong impression to the public. There are multiple sides to a story and all should be shown as much as possible. An example is when a boy accidentally trip and fall onto a taller boy causing both of them to fall and hurt themselves. A witness at the scene had to retell it to a teacher. The witness is a good friend of the boy who trip and the witness was standing at some distance away when the accident happened and was unsure about what had really happened. Thus the witness told the teacher that the taller boy purposely stuck up his leg to trip the other boy but he himself fell too because he was unbalanced. The witness could have told the teacher that he was not clear of what had happened. A journalist should always remain neutral to ensure that the story is fair.

Conflict of interest happens when a journalist is involved in multiple interest. The journalist might be influenced by it and thus the article written by the journalist will not be accurate. An example is when there is a train breakdown in the morning and caused inconvenience to many people. The CEO of the company is being interviewed by a journalist and the journalist is the CEO’s best friend. The CEO might take advantage of it by asking the journalist to cover up by putting the blame on other people and not the company. When this happens, the truth will be distorted. A journalist should have integrity, and to avoid the same scenario, the journalist should pass the work to his colleagues.

Commitment to accuracy is ensuring that whatever information that is written in the article is correct. It can be done by ensuring that the source of information is reliable and accurate. People are often searching for information online, but the it is not always accurate as it is what other people had written. An example is when a journalist is interviewing someone about a car accident. However the interviewee was not at the scene and had just happened to pass by after the accident had occurred. The interviewee might just tell the journalist what he heard from other people or thought what had happened. It will be more accurate if the journalist witness the scene from a CCTV. 

Journalistic Ethical Dilemmas


Three Most Important Ethical Dilemmas Journalists

Hello,my name is Arjun I am doing a podcast about the ethical dilemmas that journalists face. Firstly,I will be talking about plagiarism. What is plagiarism? Plagiarism is basically the act of using others' work without permission and then giving an impression that it was done by yourself. I think most people would agree that this is wrong and unfair to the person who actually did it. I feel that it is necessary to acknowledge the sources that you use in your work. We should avoid plagiarism as it can get you in trouble and there will be dire consequences. For example,if you forget to cite your sources in your science research paper,you will be awarded a zero and disciplinary action will take place. Next,I will be sharing my views about invasion of privacy. Invasion of privacy basically is the intrusion into the personal life of  another without permission. The newsworthy information obtained is then publicly disclosed which may damage the reputation and status of the victim. The victim is allowed Invasion of privacy is as simple as reading your friend's personal emails and text messages and then spreading them to your other friends. Imagine how your friend will feel about you after you betrayed her trust. I feel that it is important to have a healthy relationship with everybody you know. Finally,I feel that the journalist should not be biased. Being a biased writer will lead to misunderstandings on the issue you write about. As a writer,you should write an article without stating your opinions. You should also be careful with your choice of words about the concerned parties. Never accuse anyone of doing something if it has not been proved. Don't try to convince the readers that your opinions are definitely true. For example, a writer who accuses somebody of murder before trial at court. The writer is feeding viewers false information just because he is biased  towards the other suspect. Hence, a writer should always be careful when writing about sensitive issues.

Ethical Dilemmas- Jiawen

Out of the seven ethical dilemmas journalists face, I feel that the three most important ones are invasion of privacy, plagiarism and bias. 

Invasion of privacy:
Invasion of privacy can be not asking permission to take a photo of someone, or revealing information that they had said even though they had made it clear that they do not want whatever they said to be reported, it can be also going somewhere that they were not given permission to, like someone else’s house. Examples of invasion of privacy can be found in many different ways, for example a journalists is interviewing someone, and that person made it clear that he or she does not want any of her details or whatever he or she said to be reported anywhere. If the journalist ignores that and continues to report the information, it is considered as invasion of privacy. Another scenario is when the journalist is crossing the line too much, like taking pictures without permission, barging into someone’s house without permission just to get an interview, or even taking things without permission as forms of evidence.

Plagiarism is copying something that does not belong to you, and showing it to others as your own. As a journalist, it is always best to personally seek for information and not just quoting it from whatever source you got it from, especially the internet. For example, the journalist read from an online source that this CEO of a company said something and the journalist wants to quote that, but the journalist cannot just take the quote straight out of the internet as the journalist did not interview the CEO personally. 


Bias is taking sides, not just when two parties pitch against one another, but it can be also when they did not mention anyone else at all. For example, company A organized an event, and the organizer, when interviewed, says that the event turned out to be very successful and they look forward to having more events as successful as that. At the end of the report, the journalist gives his or her own opinion like ‘Company B would have done a better job at organizing the event.’ Even though company A did not mention company B at all.

Sunday, 14 July 2013

Ethical Dilemmas - Chiam Chuen

Note: Not a script, but here it is

In the journalistic point of view, being bias is showing a particular side of a story that is to your liking or interest. Journalists are supposed to present the story in fair way such that all sides of the story is brought to light, because journalists are meant to present the story, and let the audience decide for themselves which side they support instead of deciding for them.

A possible scenario would be when a journalist is sent to interview a charity’s work in a under-developed country, the journalist does not support the charity’s vision and goal, and after recent speculations about suspicious use of donated funds, feels that the charity is a bluff and thus only interviews the children and the beneficiaries, instead of the charity organizers. Since the beneficiaries are already suffering, they might just talk about all the unhappiness they face, and cause the charity who is trying to help to lose its already damaged reputation. In this case, the journalist is both right and wrong, because the organizers might not be trustworthy sources of information after the mishandling of funds, and interviewing the beneficiaries can help the audience know how they are benefiting. On the other hand, the journalist is being biased towards the charity, and not giving them a chance to explain their work. Is this a good or bad form of bias?

Conflict of Interests
Conflict of interests is referring to a journalist who is involved in multiple interests, and is requested to write an article about it. One interest would be his journalistic integrity, while the other might be the interviewee of that article. This set of certain circumstances creates a risk that judgement and actions taken can affect either side, influenced by the chosen interest that the journalist decides to support.

A case of this problem occurring might be when a journalist is both reporting and writing for a newspaper, and also working part-time for a publishing company to create a book. Due to bad rumours about this publishing company, the journalist is chosen to interview some people in the company and write an article about it. In this case, the journalist is in a dilemma, because he is required to write an article that is fair and shows all sides of the story, but showing the negative side might cause him to lose his job. As such, the journalist would have to choose between his job and his integrity.

Distasteful Content
There tend to be at least one or two interviews in a journalist’s job life where the interviewee spouts many vulgarities for whatever reason. In these cases, people want the source in its original and actual form, but unfortunately may not be appropriate for younger audiences.


An example might be when a journalist is sent to interview an important figure that has recently been caught in a scandal, resulting in major losses for him, and on trail in court. In this case, the interviewee is very displease and unhappy, as such uses very harsh language during the interview. While doing the transcription of the interview, the journalist will then have problems deciding what kind of words to allow to be put in the article, while the rest will have to be rewritten, while keeping the information as accurate as possible.

Ethical Dilemmas

*Note that this is script is not accurate

~ Conflict of interest
  • This happens when you interview someone whom you may have close ties with, close enough that they trust you in one way or another
  • For example, you are a journalist that interviews this manager involved in a food poisoning case
  • He happens to be your older brother
  • it is alright to interview him, as he represents the company involved in this incident. It would be reliable to interview either him or a spokesperson. 
  • But he has close relations with you, hence he may take advantage of that and plead you to give a twist to the interview (make the story milder by saying better things of him)
  • You may then distort the truth
  • This then compromises trust between you and the audience. Even if nothing was distorted, people would still think that  there may have been change.
  • They cannot trust you and you are unable to prove to them; the interview would not be transparent

~ Invasion of privacy
  • This is widely practiced by the paparazzi. 
  • Involves going to far lengths in acquiring, let’s say, photos of scandalous celebrities 
  • You may be waiting on their front lawn, scaling their walls, just for a close up shot 
  • This is an invasion of privacy; their homes are meant to be shelter not only for the elements, but also a place where they retreat undisturbed.
  • The person has his/her right to privacy and cannot be intruded by journalists who want scoops (it makes more money)
  • Every person has a right to have privacy hence try to keep in mind where you are currently at (if you are at his/her residence, try to stay away from doors and windows and remain at the sidewalk or corridor)

~ Bias
  • Being more inclined to a certain side (race, religion)
  • Discrimination may hurt them
  • I know everyone has preferences and likings
  • However, reporting of news has to be factual
  • Hence it is not ethical to side with the one you prefer
  • This may influence people due to their trust in the media and lead to further disturbance to the present situation (racial issues)
  • Our manner of writing may be affected by our mindset and hence reporting facts is more important than opinion
  • We should try to be as impartial as possible and take caution when writing such controversial articles

Ethical Dilemma - Zhongzhi

Ethical Dilemmas: Bias and Plagiarism

Script (not really one):

  • Bias
    • Objectivity (must be free of objectivity)
    • Do not select one story over another (impartial, not sway by personal emotions)
    • The truth as the truth only, without interference
    • Represent all sides, do not favour one side over another
    • Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair
    • Example of prejudice
      • Changing one word in a sentence to subtly affect the meaning of the article
        • Eg. The War on Iraq, The War in Iraq; US-led coalition forces, US-led invasion forces
      • Extreme example of bias:
        • ABC News was filed a defamation suit for being extremely biased against BPI, reportedly calling its products “pink slime” at least 178 times (check was reported by Fox News). BPI lost 400 million but is sueing for 1.2 billion (3 times)

  • Plagiarism
    • The practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.
    • Not crediting the person, deceiving people that the work was your own
    • Discredit the efforts the creator put into his creation
    • Worse than stealing
    • A matter of morality more so than laws and rules
    • Cite your sources (better to over cite than under cite or not at all)

Tham Chun Leong - Ethical Dilemmas



Hello, now I will be discussing with you the three ethical dilemmas that I feel are more important than the others.  
  1. Plagiarism
Definition: The act of using other’s works as yours, copying
Example: During a school project, forgot to list the sources for the information I got online, got into trouble for that.
How to avoid it: If you want to take other’s works, do not copy the entire thing but only the concept, and the safest is to seek permission from the original owner.

  1. Invasion of privacy
Definition: Using information or photographs that may harm the owner because he did not want it to be leaked out.
Example:  Does not only apply to journalism.
      Taking pictures of someone without their permission and posting them online
      Spies, leaking information about a secret organisation
How to avoid it: Avoid getting your own information, try to use information that the interviewee sent and permits for using himself/herself.

  1. Bias
Definition: Only taking one side of the story. Saying from your point of view.
Example: When someone gets into trouble, there must be two point of views, one from the victim and another form the bully, it does not matter whether he/she committed the fault, they still have their side of the story that probably led to the incident.
How to avoid it: Always tell the story from a third, neutral person’s point of view. 

Consequences: The person who leaked the secret may be asked to remove it or if it is a very serious matter, they may be handled by the law.

Ng Keen Yung - Ethical Dilemmas


Of the seven ethical dilemmas that journalists face, I feel that the conflict of interest, offensive or distasteful content and the use of anonymous sources are the most important. A conflict of interest may occur when your personal relationships with the interviewee affect your objectivity as a journalist. For example, If you hold a grudge against the person you are interviewing, you will probably try to make the him or her look bad during the interview. Reporting offensive or distasteful content can affect some readers or viewers. This includes swear words, extreme violence and gore. One must always try to avoid showing images or footage of such content unless no other alternative can be found. If that is the case, then they should be censored and a warning should be given beforehand. Lastly, we have the use of anonymous sources. The use of anonymous sources is common, but knowing when to protect the identity  of the source is important. The journalist must check if there are no other alternative ways of acquiring the information needed and the information's value. For example, a testimony about a restaurant should not be allowed to remain anonymous, but an eyewitness who is being interviewed about a murder should be granted anonymity. In short, grant the person you are interviewing anonymity only if it regards important and potentially sensitive information that could endanger the job or safety of the interviewee. 

A Manicka Praveen - Ethical Dilemmas

The 3 main journalism ethics that I am strongly against are, plagiarism, invasion of privacy and biased

Firstly, I would like to talk about plagiarism. Plagiarism is seen as a crime in certain situations such as academically and when money is made from it.There has been an issue of plagiarism just a few years back. It happened when Kaavya Vishwanathan, a Harvard University graduate, published her book, “How Opal Mehta got kissed, got wild and got a life”. She earned a lot of fame and money as her book clinched the 32nd position in the New York bestseller charts. It was later found out that Kaavya Vishwanathan’s book was found to be plagiarised from Megan McCafferty’s books, Sloppy firsts and Second helpings. Megan McCafferty was notified by a fan that both the writings were very similar. Kaavya Vishwanathan’s book was recalled and she faced a huge loss.

Secondly, I would like to talk about invasion of privacy. Invasion of privacy is one of the most important journalism ethic because, journalists do not realise that they are invading other people’s privacy until something serious occurs. A really good example of this is the death of Lady Diana. There was so much paparazzi following her and her boyfriend, Dodi Fayed that caused the crash and death of Lady Diana. Everyone deserves privacy. Not just the rich and famous but also the poor. To further stop the invasion of privacy by journalists, they should be aware of what is considered to be invasion of privacy.

Thirdly, and finally, I am strongly against journalists being biassed against people of different race and religion. No one is able to change how they are born. I find it really childish that people still treat people based on their race. Black people were not treated as equals around 200 years back. They were treated as slaves. But that was 200 years ago. Today, in the modern world, most people have realised that everyone is equal, at the bottom of their hearts, some people still think that they are more superior. This has to change at once.

All the above mentioned journalism ethics are to be observed in order for everyone to live peacefully and also to make sure the journalists are respected.

Goh Qian Zhe - Ethical Dilemmas

Hello everyone, today I am presenting about the ethical dilemmas. Choose THREE of the Seven Ethical Dilemmas and create a podcast (audio or video) explaining these dilemmas and coming up with specific scenarios for each one.

The focus should be on determining moral grey areas and if the scenario is a violation of ethical standards or not.

Come up with scenarios of your own creation, not from past news stories or the internet.

There is a time limit of 2 minutes MINIMUM—no maximum. If you write a script, please upload that with your video/audio podcast to the class EL Blog.

Eg. Ditheis Kiel’s son was said to be involved in a scandal. The author of Folerburg Press, Einsalbourg Grutorf wrote him in a way, which is so atrocious although he did not do this.
Biasness in Journalism is basically, from what I see, writing a story or an article based on one viewpoint. This could, eventually, harm the party, which has been wrong, or written badly.

From what I think, plagiarism is actually making an article that others write to be yours. This constantly happens, as people do not write the source of where the information came from.
For example: I am a writer of Folerburg Press. I got information of the new 777 -9X, which would be operating, in Folerburg Airlines in 2019 from Folerburg Airlines but I claimed that the information is mine. This basically means that I am claming information which is not mine to be mine.

Offending or distasteful content:
From what I think, offending or distasteful content is something, which is rather hard to avoid on modern newspapers. This is because the people whom they interview might be even spewing vulgarities about something. Nonetheless, if we encounter these kinds of situation, we should not reveal these words to the public, like phrasing the response in another way, or censoring the vulgarity.
An example of what a journalist should not do is:
“ How do you feel about this incident?”
“ I was F***ing afraid. It was so bad man. All the stuff flying around like S***”
An example a journalist should do is:
“How do you feel about this incident?”
“I was very afraid. It was very bad, with all the stuff flying around”